# D5Man Legacy Distribution

## Overview

This is the D5Man Legacy Distribution. It contains a subset of the programs and scripts developed for the first attempt on realizing a comprehensive information storage system.

This distribution focuses on the old system’s LaTeX/PDF export capabilities and includes a new script d5manlegacyconvert.pl to conveniently invoke the export functions automatically generating the necessary D5Man configuration for exporting a given file. Not all functions were retained for the following reasons:

• Simplifying compilation and invocation (all database-related parts and external library dependencies have been ellided).
• Removing features which are very likely not useful
• Removing overly incomplete/very instable features

The primary reason for giving up on the old D5Man’s development was exactly the high complexity and instability of features, thus this legacy distribution aims at reducing the complexity and providing only features with some extent of stability such as to conserve a means of processing legacy documents.

The following functions are provided:

• PDF export of a single page
• XHTML export of a single page
• XSLT stylesheet application for a single page
• automatic attachment conversion using the rsvg-convert command.
• D5Man legacy format to XML conversion using d5man2xml

The following functionality is still present but not exposed through any convenient interface:

• d5manioresolve utility to locate a D5Man file based on its page name
• d5manexport utility including the code for mass-exporting multiple pages

The following functions were available and removed from the distribution:

• d5manserver for live-serving exported pages
• d5mandb* commands for managing the D5Man database.
• d5manui and d5manquery commands for querying the D5Man database (interactively)
• d5manview VIM plugin for syntax highlighting, generation of headings and automatic invocation of d5mandbsync on page save.
• d5mandetach for operating D5Man in a separate temporary environment. This is the default mode of operation for the functionality provided by this repository.

The following functions were never completed and are thus not available in the distribution either:

• d5manvalidate for mass-checking syntax and metadata consistency of all pages
• d5manimport for importing large pieces of information (e.g. JDK API Documentation) into the D5Man system by converting all source pages to D5Man pages.

## Compilation and Dependencies

### Dependencies

#### Building

• Ant
• GCC (C89 compilation)

#### Building and Running

• Java 7 (or higher, tested with Java 8)

• POSIX make
• LaTeX
• Perl

### Compilation

Compile as follows:

$ant Install by building a package (works on Debian with debuild):$ ant package

Run the installed package by invoking

$d5manlegacyconvert If the package is to be run without being installed, provide the following lines in d5manlegacyconvert.pl: my %conf = ( common_res => "./d5manlegacycommonres", compl_a => "$newr/root", # XML: io_compl_a / io_compl_b
compl_b         => "$newr/root", d5man2xml => "./d5manlegacy2xml/d5manlegacy2xml", db_search => "$newr/d5man.conf", # XML: dbloc_real
db_sync         => ":",
file_root       => "$newr/root", io_resolver => "./d5manlegacyioresolve/d5manlegacyioresolve", media_converter => "/usr/bin/rsvg-convert -f pdf /dev/stdin", vim => "/usr/bin/vim", vim_plugin => "$newr/d5man.conf",
);

This shows a definition of the binaries relative to the present working directory which may suffice if d5manlegacyconvert.pl is invoked from the repository’s directory. Although never tested, replacing the calls to /usr/bin/vim etc. with suitable Windows paths may make this functionality available on Windows as well (vim is only ever called for XHTML exports).

### Usage

Although there might be little point in running such a “legacy” software, one can test the functionality of the program by providing a sample page (e.g. test.d5i and invoking it as follows. See the Legacy D5Man Format and Design section for an example file.

$d5manlegacyconvert test.d5i This should produce file test.pdf corresponding to the input file. ## Legacy D5Man Format and Design This section captures the definition of the legacy D5Man format in its original text which includes some reasoning about why the specific format was chosen. The part about the use of D5Man sections has been removed due to being inconsistent. ### Motivation Manpages can be considered one of the most efficient, useful and most reliable way of storing textual information. Their features, however, are severely limited making Manpages a bad choice for information to be displayed online or in print form. Also, Manpages are designed to be distributed as part of a program package which means that there is no workflow to edit them immediately and efficiently. Apart from Manpages there are LaTeX and XHTML documents each of which is designed to be either used for printing or for the web. Although both of those are useful means of storing information, especially XHTML as webbrowsers are almost omnipresent, they remain limited to specific target devices and have their own disadvantages. The D5Man format has been designed to overcome many of the existing limitations. For each format, the major disadvantages are listed below #### Manpages • limited formatting options • not to be edited by the user • unreadable markup language • sections are designed to be used specifically with UNIX systems #### Websites (XHTML+CSS) • no simple means of rendering (Webbrowser with 300 MiB or more RAM required) • focuses too hard on layout, too little on content • the markup is not nice to read #### LaTeX • rendering on textual devices is theorethically possible but there exist few tools to handle this situation • not useful for web based applications • difficult to process automatically (consider multiple pdfLaTeX runs for instance) Concerning the difficult readability of known markup formats, many alternatives have emerged. Among the most popular is Markdown which is focused on websites. Among the best of these formats are reStructuredText and Grutatxt. While both of them are really good, there are minor disadvantages: reStructuredText can become difficult to read once links are involved and Grutatxt is a bit too simple for the task. Extracting the best experiences from all these formats, the D5Man format has been developed. The following ideas have been taken from the other formats • a readable markup language (mainly taken from Grutatxt) • a means of controlling typographic specialities like half spaces and forced spaces (from LaTeX) • a predefined document structure (inspired by Manpages) • sectioning after topic (taken from the Manpages) • advanced metadata (taken from XHTML compare <meta .../>) Using this combination, the following new features have become possible • D5Man Pages can be rendered nicely in • Browsers (like XHTML) • Terminals (like Manpages) • and printed on paper (like LaTeX) • D5Man Pages can be edited WYSIWYG as the format is so readable the user can be trusted to view it directly. • This is further enhanced using syntax highlighting • Unlike Manpages or anything else, we do not even need an own program to read the files: VIM can do the job very well and if it is not at hand, any text editor may do. ### Main Elements The D5Man format supports the following constructs. Metadata A D5-Manpage starts with metadata in a key-value syntax with a tab separator. Tabs can be repeated as is necessary for a suitable representation in your editor. Configure your editor to use 8 spaces per tab. Text Text can be entered without special attention.  can be used to encode inline code, commands and filenames (just about any single words you would typeset in teletype font). Quotation is entered the same way as in LaTeX. Escaping \ is used to escape characters if necessary. This allows “{” and similar characters to be entered directly. Be aware that escaping basically tells the parser to just “ignore” any functionality this character might have. Thus, if you want to write a text and make an immediate note in parenthes you only need to excape the first character, because that is the one the parser uses to find links. Example: “HTML\(5) expert”. External Markup Although often unreadable, a plaintext-like markup format can not avoid interfacing with other markup languages: Using the “LaTeX”-Brackets { and } one can encapsulate LaTeX and XML using {< and >} (note that the first has a trailing, the second a leading space). If the TeX Math-Mode is entered immediately after the opening bracket, it can also be processed for website generation. Raw text (“Code”) Text which is indented from the left and not part of a list or table is considered raw text. The initial level of indentation will be removed and the text will otherwise be left untouched. Links Links can be made in several forms. You can either link to a D5-Manpage by entering the name and section in parentheses without a separating space. Otherwise you enter the text you want to link and then give the URL in parentheses and as a third possibility you can just use url(http://...) to link to a specific URL. Lists There are four types of lists which can be nested, except for description lists: You can create unordered lists prepending the * character to your text. Lists are nested via suitable indentation. Numbered lists use numbers and a . to number the elements just like expect them to be used and definition lists are simply a term followed by a newline and an indented description. The fourth type of list is a so-called “pro-contra” list which you create by using appropriate + and - signs as your list bullet. Nesting description lists with a single element and unordered lists is so common that such lists are specially treated and called titled’’ lists. All list types except for description lists have to be indented. Tables Tables use o to mark the top and bottom rule and + to create a mid line. Fields are separated with two spaces. Sections A section consists of - signs from the very beginning of a line then a [, a space, the section title another space and a terminating ]--\n. You can also create one level of subsections by creating a line of text which is underlined with dashes (just like the old Ma_Sys.ma Note Format). Emphasizing Put emphasis on important text by surrounding it with underscores (_). Emphasis is not recognized inside a word because you need to be able to enter things like “Dev_Swap”, “Ma_Zentral” or “Ma_Sys.ma” Shortcuts Whenever keyboard shortcuts are to be entered, the necessary keys can be encoded like [CTRL]-[X] to display them as key symbols. Substitution Special words and parts of text are automatically replaced whith nicer symbols for rendering. The table “Symbol replacement” lists all common substitutions. Space control Just like in LaTeX, you can enter forced half spaces using \, and forced spaces using ~. #### Symbol replacement Text LaTeX Symbol ... \dots =>$\Rightarrow$->$\rightarrow$<-$\leftarrow$2^3$2^3$:) (smiley) :) 3 e {4,5}$3\in\{3,5\}$3 ∈ {3,5} ### Universal External Markup The external markup described in this section is recognized by all renderers except for WYSIWYG. {\\img{file}{caption}} Inserts the image attachment file file and associates the textual caption caption {\\code{language}} Helps the renderer to understand the source code language of following codes, i.e. enables syntax highlighting. {$...$} Math-mode-only is also specially recognized. ### Meta fields After the fields, a meta section may contain any number of LaTeX commands which are executed before any other LaTeX is processed. If the commands are all written between < and > symbols, they are processed as XHTML instead. name (REQ) An internal name for the page. Use [0-9a-z_/]+ only. Imported pages are allowed to also use upper case letters, dots and hyphens. section (REQ) A numeric meta field to define the d5man section. Use -1 for TBD. description (REQ) A plaintext description which may not contain control sequences. tags (REQ) Associates tags (form [0-9a-z_]+) separated with spaces. Tags are used to find the document through the different D5Man search functions like the UI, generated websites and d5manquery. encoding (RC) Either utf8 (UTF-8, utf-8) or ascii (ASCII). Defaults to utf8. WARNING The field exists for future usage and reader information but is not evaluated by any D5Man applications which are all programmed to support UTF-8 and UTF-8 only compliance (REQ) One of (becoming more and more public) qqvx, qqv, secret, restricted, confidential, personal, internal, prerelease, informal, public. Informal and public texts are allowed to be published on the internet. Prerelease texts are designed to be published sooner or later, internal texts may be shared but not be publicly available on the internet, personal texts might be shared but should not be included in IAL or Ma_Zentral DVDs, restricted texts are not to be shared, secret texts need special care and the two levels below must be encrypted. Repeat: public and informal are online, internal are in Ma_Zentral and MDVL, the rest not. lang (REQ) The language the text is written in. This may either be en for English or de for German. The possibility to use it and fr is planned. creation (RC) Time of creation (YYYY[/MM[/DD [HH:mm[:ss]]]]). copyright (OPT) A copyright statement. The copyright statement may span across multiple lines (with the same indentation). version (OPT) Version information in any application-specific format. expires (OPT) Expiration date. Expiration is not defined as the document becoming automatically obsolete, but rather intended to be a sort of “review required”. Interpretation and usage are up to the user. Expired documents can be queried with d5manquery -e location (OPT) Redirects D5Man to another page. This may be a file:// URL which is then opened with the default browser. (This field was never implemented in legacy D5Man, but the new D5Man processes x-masysma-redirect fields with similar semantics). attachments (OPT) Space separated list of files considered attachments. These may be useful for enhancing websites and LaTeX targets w/ resource files. web_freq (OPT) Change Frequency (always, hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, yearly, never) for website XML-sitemaps. web_priority Page priority ]0;1[ for website XML-sitemaps. ### Download Fields In addition to the fields listed above, there are some fields which are specially designed to be used in conjunction with the Website export to specify a “download” attached to a page. Unlike an attachment, these downloads are given by URL and not by relative resource. Thus, these fields are useful for external mirror links as well. Download URLs may not contain spaces (use URL-encoding if spaces are required). Finally, pages can support multiple downloads by giving them numbers starting from 0 or 1 (a digit appended to all download field names, like e.g. download1 and dlink1 for the second download etc.). If this feature is used, all downloads must be ordered by their number, i.e. all fields for download1 occur before any field for download2 etc. As download numbers are digits, a maximum of ten downloads (0-9) is supported per page. If the number is omitted (as is useful for only a single download), the number 0 is assumed. Downloads can also be “imported/linked” from other pages by referencing their page name and the download name (as given in the table). These references’ numbers are ignored and they do not count to the limit of ten downloads per page. #### Additional Fields for Website Downloads Field Description dref Reference other download in form page(section)/name download Declares a download (internal name) ddescr Download description / title (UI name) dlink Target URL (or JavaScript link etc.) dsize Download size in KiB dchck Time last checked (format like creation field) dver Download version (human readable format) dchcksm SHA-256 of download contents ### Example Document This section shows a typical legacy D5Man document as a more intuitive description in addition to the format as described above. --------------------------------------------------------------[ Meta ]-- name test section 42 description D5Man Test Document tags d5man detached legacy compliance public lang en creation 2019/11/29 09:06:28 version 1.0.0 --------------------------------------------------------------[ Test ]-- This is a D5Man Legacy Format example showing some use of the features. For the repository see url(https://github.com/m7a/bp-d5man-legacy). Advantages of the Legacy Format + Allows for automatic symbol replacement: -> is an arrow. + Allows for generation of quotation marks: quoted text'' + Supports efficient inclusion of inline math: {$f(x)=m\cdot x+b\$}
+ D5Man supports keyboard shortcuts in documentation. Press [CTRL]-[S]
to stop terminal output and [CTRL]-[Q] to resume.

Problems with the Legacy Format
- It is incredibly hard to parse
- Nested lists are supported but need to strictly follow the syntax.
Odd things like numbered lists with more than 9 entries needing
leading zeroes to have all numerals being equally wide for instance.
- There are some bugs in d5man conversion.
- e for replacement by the in'' symbol was possibly not the
smartest choice. There used to be E for exists'' as well!

Finally, this test document concludes with a table:

Overview on the executables in D5Man Legacy and New
ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo
Legacy Original       Legacy Distribution     New Distribution
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
d5manui             ~                       d5mantui
d5manserver         ~                       d5manapi
d5man2xml           d5manlegacy2xml       ~
d5mancompliancedup  ~                       ~
d5mandbdelete       ~                       ~
d5mandbinit         ~                       ~
d5mandbsync         ~                       ~
d5mandelete         ~                       ~
d5mandetach         ~                       ~
d5manexport         d5manlegacyconvert    d5manexportpdf
~                     ~                       d5manexporthtml
d5manexportautoftp  ~                       ~
d5manimport         ~                       ~
d5manioresolve      d5manlegacyioresolve  ~
d5manmassdelete     ~                       ~
d5manmirror         ~                       ~
d5manquery          ~                       ~
d5manvalidate`       ~                       ~
ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo

## Structure of the Legacy Distribution

This repository is structured as follows:

d5manlegacy2xml
Legacy d5man2xml application which takes as input a D5Man text and produces in output a proprietary XML format for processing by other D5Man-related tools (see d5manlegacyexport/ma/d5man/lib/dtd/d5manxml.dtd for the associated DTD including).
d5manlegacycommonres
Provides logos and resources needed for the export. File template.tex is the LaTeX template used for the PDF export and website_fs_override contains a template XML used for the XHTML export.
d5manlegacyexport
Contains all Java parts of this distribution. This includes large parts of the old d5manexport Java implementation and the libd5manexport library. Parts relying on external components (such as SnuggleTex for LaTeX to MathML conversion) have been removed.
d5manlegacyioresolve
Legacy d5manioresolve application for converting D5Man page names to file names. This is retained because it is invoked by the D5Man export to find the file names associated to input files.
stylesheets
Some sample XSLT styles to transform D5Man proprietary XML to other text formats. These have been intended to be used in conjunction with systems that in turn convert the text formats to HTML. As such, it does not produce a nice textual representation but one that will be displayed correctly. Some of these conversions require manual post-processing for optimal results.
d5manlegacyconvert.pl
Script to invoke the legacy export without needing to explicitly provide all the D5Man file structure, database and configuration file (configuration files and file structure are generated on-the-fly).

## d5manlegacyconvert.pl

### Name

d5manlegacyconvert – export legacy D5Man files to (mainly) PDF.

### Synopsis

d5manlegacyconvert file.d5i [opt]
d5manlegacyconvert file.d5i xslt  style.xsl
d5manlegacyconvert file.d5i xhtml outdir    [opt]

### Description

One and two argument invocation
This script reads file.d5i and exports it to file.pdf. It implements a functionality provided by legacy D5Man which is relevant for large pieces of text which should remain exportable even after legacy D5Man has been uninstalled. It simplifies the interface to the legacy D5Man very much by performing all required actions (query, export, make) in a single invocation.
Three and four argument invocation
This exposes the other parts export functionality. It is retained to be able to invoke the XSLT transformation for legacy README-files and to be able to simplify the transition of website contents.

[opt] allows for optional arguments to be passed to the d5manexport process.

Ma_Sys.ma Website 5 (1.0.1) – no Flash, no JavaScript, no Webfont, no Copy Protection, no Mobile First. No bullshit. No GUI needed. Works with any browser.

Created: 2019/11/28 09:30:31 | Revised: 2022/09/18 21:15:27 | Tags: d5man, legacy, d5manexport, d5man2xml, format, d5man/format | Version: 1.0.0 | SRC (Pandoc MD) | GPL

Copyright (c) 2014–2019 Ma_Sys.ma. For further info send an e-mail to Ma_Sys.ma@web.de.

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.